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Lateral Movement and Monetization
Contents:
  1. Book Excerpt: Cyber Fraud: Tactics, Techniques and Procedures
  2. Cyber Investigation
  3. Partnerships
  4. Customer Reviews

Without technical know-how, most Brazilian fraudsters do not operate exploit kits, which can be costly and often require technical support from cybercrime vendors. Recent attacks that our team analyzed show that most attackers prefer victims to come to them by putting a consumer spin on the watering hole attack tactic. It is common practice for people to log in to an online utility account, for example, and download their bill.

By setting up a malicious replica of such a site, criminals can attract a large number of users to that page and trick them into downloading a fake bill, thereby having them willingly fetch a Trojanized file and unknowingly launch the malware infection on their devices. But without using an exploit kit or relying on high-traffic sites, how will that malicious infection zone become known to potential victims? Knowing that many people in Brazil are in the habit of searching for websites via search engines rather than typing their exact URL into the address bar, the obvious choice is to pay for a sponsored advertisement to have the malicious page top the search results.

To keep their own identities out of sight, cybercriminals pay for sponsored ads with stolen credit card information, saving themselves both money and risk. Posting malicious ads on popular search engines is no stroke of genius, but a surefire way to get those ads discovered by security controls and promptly taken down.

Fraudsters using this tactic therefore rely on short, aggressive bouts of luring people to their phishing pages. Since they do not pay for the ads and can spin up a malicious page very quickly, they can still get enough clicks to make each attack worthwhile. Figure 2: Phishing site data on Virus Total. Figure 3: Phishing site uses DDoS protection. IBM X-Force noted that recent campaigns that spread malware using sponsored URLs were carefully targeted by focusing on a specific region on specific days.

Book Excerpt: Cyber Fraud: Tactics, Techniques and Procedures

As users attempt to download their invoices, they are actually accessing a ZIP file containing a shortcut file. LNK used by Microsoft Windows to point to an executable file. Victims would only see a file that opens to nothing and may attempt to download the file again, which our researchers witnessed in many cases. When it comes to financial cybercrime, technical sophistication, while not entirely absent , is not very common in the Brazilian threat landscape. In many cases, cybercriminals in the region are newcomers to the trade and need help to become familiar with the works of online fraud.

In the images below, we can see that selling information and tools is a dynamic business in Brazil. Each of the following screen captures shows commodities offered to fraudsters, including compromised data, web resources and platforms to launch attacks, blackhat lead generation help, and cash-out services. The same types of vendors also offer malware for sale. Figure 4: Cybercriminals often offer services and commodities to help other criminals along.

Dark web marketplaces spread knowledge and train more criminals on fraud tactics. Localized cybercrime ecosystems are more targeted, which boosts their efficiency and adverse effects. While it is easy for Brazilian users to get infected with malware, infections cannot occur without user interaction. This is in contrast to other parts of the world, where people can often get infected simply by visiting a compromised page through a drive-by download from an exploit kit, for example. Below are some consumer tips for safer browsing, adapted to the popular infection scenarios in Brazil:.

Students taking this certificate program learn about state-of-the-art tools and techniques in both cyber defense and cyber-attack domains.

Cyber Investigation

Students will apply the latest tools and technologies in hands-on, controlled experimental environments. In addition, students will examine how data-hiding methods such as steganography and anonymity are used in the conduct of cyberspace operations. Students also learn about how to identify and mitigate adversarial cyber intrusions and attacks. Students will learn the fundamentals and current issues in the dynamic and growing field of cyber ops in the following courses:.

Partnerships

CYB — Computer and Network Operations Gain an understanding of the foundational concepts and processes of computer network operations. Discover system vulnerability assessment to gain an appreciation for each of the pillars of CNO. Figure 3: Phishing site uses DDoS protection. IBM X-Force noted that recent campaigns that spread malware using sponsored URLs were carefully targeted by focusing on a specific region on specific days.

As users attempt to download their invoices, they are actually accessing a ZIP file containing a shortcut file.

LNK used by Microsoft Windows to point to an executable file. Victims would only see a file that opens to nothing and may attempt to download the file again, which our researchers witnessed in many cases. When it comes to financial cybercrime, technical sophistication, while not entirely absent , is not very common in the Brazilian threat landscape. In many cases, cybercriminals in the region are newcomers to the trade and need help to become familiar with the works of online fraud. In the images below, we can see that selling information and tools is a dynamic business in Brazil.

Each of the following screen captures shows commodities offered to fraudsters, including compromised data, web resources and platforms to launch attacks, blackhat lead generation help, and cash-out services. The same types of vendors also offer malware for sale.

Customer Reviews

Figure 4: Cybercriminals often offer services and commodities to help other criminals along. Dark web marketplaces spread knowledge and train more criminals on fraud tactics.

Cyber Policing and Cyber Crime Investigation

Localized cybercrime ecosystems are more targeted, which boosts their efficiency and adverse effects. While it is easy for Brazilian users to get infected with malware, infections cannot occur without user interaction. This is in contrast to other parts of the world, where people can often get infected simply by visiting a compromised page through a drive-by download from an exploit kit, for example. Below are some consumer tips for safer browsing, adapted to the popular infection scenarios in Brazil:.

Security Intelligence. Eu vejo remote overlay. Todo o tempo. No Brasil, os residentes podem baixar suas faturas direto do site do fornecedor ou do governo correspondente. Logo, os aplicativos falsificados costumam ser mais fracos e abrem backdoors para os dispositivos. Close Translation. Figure 1: A regional estimate of the percentage of homes with internet access in Brazil Source: The Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics However, while more Brazilians than ever before have access to internet-enabled services, many users are still not well-versed in using them safely.

A Word to the Wise: Top Tips for Safer Web Browsing While it is easy for Brazilian users to get infected with malware, infections cannot occur without user interaction. Poisoned search engine results can easily lead users to a malicious page. Double-check the site before downloading files. Before clicking to download an invoice, double-check the domain and its credentials — a malicious site might be written with a spelling mistake or use a different top-level domain TLD.